Their grandfather showed no interest in their upbringing or education: the Tsar had disliked their father and even their grandmother, his own first wife, and young Peter in particular reminded him of his only son Al… After Catherine's death and the proclamation of Peter II as emperor, Menshikov took the young autocrat into his own house on Vasilievsky Island and had full control over all of his actions. Pēteris II Romanovs. ; Dav. Han var barnebarn af Peter den Store og dennes første kone Eudoxia Lopukhina.. Biografi. Soon, however, Menshikov became sick, and his opponents took advantage of his illness. His parents were Charles Frederick, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp(nephew of Charles XII of Sweden), and Anna Petrovna, a daughter of Emperor Peter Iand Empress Catherine Iof Russia. The coronation of Peter II took place in Moscow on 9 January 1728, with the Emperor and a huge entourage. Coat of Arms of Alexander I, Nicholas I and Alexander II of Russia (Orden of the Golden Fleece).svg 604 × 1,024; 4.57 MB Imperial Monogram of Tsar Alexander I of Russia.svg 231 × 340; 1.62 MB Silver chest for deeds.jpg 760 × 1,014; 198 KB Peter II Alexeyevich (Russian: Пётр II Алексеевич, Pyotr II Alekseyevich) (23 October [O.S. During the reign (1725-1727) of Catherine I, young Peter was ignored; but by the time she died in 1727, it had become clear to those in power that the only male-line grandson of Peter the Great could not be kept from his inheritance much longer. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for Russland/Russia 50 Kopeken 1899 * (Paris) Silber Zar Nikolaj II. He even began building a palace for him not far from his own, which was the largest palace in the capital at that time. hat keinen Tropfen Blut, aber viel Schnaps gekostet, den Katharina II. The reign of young Emperor Peter II ended in 1730, when he died from smallpox at the age of 16. His mother died less than two weeks after his birth. Poltina 1727 СПБ VERY RARE - Peter II 1/2 rouble St. Petersburg Mint One of a few graded PCGS VF30 2,950.00 US$ + 39.99 US$ shipping Delivery: 14 - 15 days The fourth film; Peter Alexeevich; Anna Leopoldovna; Elizabeth Petrovna, Nicholas Riasanovsky, The History of Russia, page 250, born a Grand Duke, but stripped of his title by, title of pretence granted by Grand Duke Kirill Vladimirovich as claimant to the Russian throne, title of pretence granted by Grand Duke Vladimir Kirillovich as claimant to the Russian throne, Charlotte Christine of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Anthony Ulrich, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Louis Rudolph, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Princess Elisabeth Juliana of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Norburg, Duchess Charlotte Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Albert Ernest I, Prince of Oettingen-Oettingen, Princess Christine Louise of Oettingen-Oettingen, Duchess Christine Friederike of Württemberg, http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/akiado/ssash/2004/00000049/f0020003/art00005, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Peter_II_of_Russia&oldid=980825122, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with failed verification from June 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 September 2020, at 17:53. Everyone steals, as much as he can.” Moving the court and several other institutions from St. Petersburg back to Moscow was painful for the new capital, as well as the nobility forced to move with it, as Peter the Great had put much effort into developing St. Petersburg into a large and lively city at the time. The program of education that Ostermann compiled included history, geography, mathematics, and foreign languages, but the overall education of the future emperor remained shallow and left much to be desired. 12) October 1715. The majority of Russians and three-quarters of the nobility (especially the old-established nobility) were on his side, while the Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI (Peter's uncle - the husband of his mother's elder sister, Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel) persistently urged Peter's claims through the imperial ambassador at Saint Petersburg. Pregledaj milijunima riječi i fraza na svim jezicima. “While contemporaries praised his natural intelligence and good heart, they only hoped for that good to happen in the future. Selten und RAR! Rubel 1729, Moskau, Münzhof Kadashevsky. He was succeeded by Anna I, daughter of Peter the Great's half-brother and co-ruler, Ivan V. Before she died in 1740 the empress declared that her grandnephew, Ivan VI, should succeed her. Peter I, better known as Peter the Great, is generally credited with bringing Russia into the modern age. Peter II (russisk: Пётр II Алексеевич; Pjotr II Aleksejevitj) (23. oktober 1715 – 29. januar 1730) var zar af Rusland fra 1727 til sin død i 1730. The Dolgorukovs attempted to get the emperor to sign a testament naming Ekaterina as his heir, but they were not allowed into the dying emperor’s quarters: Peter II was already unconscious. This led to frustration among his subjects and the royal administration – officials did not dare to assume responsibility for important decisions. Despite these similarities, the emperor had no desire to learn to rule, unlike Peter the Great. "der Große", 1672-1725, Zar von Russland 1689, Kaiser von Russland von 1721 bis 1725 Catherine I Skavronskaïa, 1684-1727, Kaiserin von Russland von 1725 bis 1727 Peter II., 1715-1730, Kaiser von Russland von 1727 bis 1730 Peter II van Rusland Russisch tsaar. According to contemporaries, Ivan Dolgorukov lived a reckless and profligate lifestyle, leading Peter II to spend much time feasting, playing cards and enjoying the company of women. We can help you make the right choice from hundreds of St. Petersburg hotels and hostels. Foreign witnesses proclaimed that “All of Russia is in terrible disorder ... money is not paid to anyone. In large part due to his youth, Peter's short reign was marked by the efforts of various nobles and clans to gain influence over the boy. When he grew older, however, Peter was placed under the care of a Hungarian noble, Janos (Ivan) Zeikin (Zékány), who seems to have been a conscientious teacher. He was son of Anna, one of Peter the Great’s daughters, and Charles Frederick, duke of Germany, which made him technically German. German School, 18th century PORTRAIT OF CZAR PETER II OF RUSSIA (1714-1730) DEUTSCHE SCHULE, 18.JHDT., PORTRAIT VON ZAR PETER II. Under the influence of Ostermann and the Dolgorukovs, Peter – long sick of Menshikov’s wardship – stripped him of his rank and exiled him to Siberia. Therefore, from his childhood, the young orphaned Peter was kept in the strictest seclusion. The Romanovs ruled generation after generation until the death of Peter II in 1730, after which the successor was matrilineal due to the family lacking a male heir. His young age meant that he could not adequately manage public affairs, and he almost never appeared at the Supreme Privy Council. The date of the wedding was set, but then, at the beginning of 1730, the young Tsar became ill with smallpox, and passed away on the very day that the wedding was supposed to take place. Silber Rubel Zar Peter II. However, his behavior did not give chances to hope that he would be a good ruler. ZAR PETER II., 1727-1730. The Story of Catherine the Great Hulu’s “The Great” offers an irreverent, ahistorical take on the Russian empress’ life. Peter II, the son of Tsarevich Alexei, took the throne but died in 1730, ending the Romanov male line. 1727-1730 SILBER Randschrift Bitkin Nr. He was the only son of Tsarevich Alexei Petrovich, son of Peter I of Russia by his first consort Eudoxia Lopukhina, and Princess Charlotte of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel. Though they were also known as Romanov, the next rulers were from the Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov family. Peter the Great died in 1725 and was succeeded by his second wife, Catherine I, a woman of low birth. Peter prijevod u rječniku engleski - hrvatski u Glosbe, online rječnik, besplatno. His liberal education and distress at the outcome of the Crimean War, which had demonstrated Russia’s backwardness, inspired him toward a great program of domestic reforms, the most important being the emancipation (1861) of the serfs. Peter II. In fact, he was the grandson of Charles XII of Sweden, on his father’s side, which meant that once his parents died when Peter was y… In late December 1729, Peter II fell dangerously ill. His condition deteriorated sharply after the frosty Epiphany Day in January 1730, when he participated in a feast. With Peter's death, the direct male line of the Romanov dynasty ended. Peter Rußland, Kaiser, I. This jostling and conniving began under the reign of Catherine I, who meant to marry him off to Maria, the daughter of Prince Menshikov, that comrade of Peter the Great who had become an all-powerful "advisor" during Catherine's six-year reign. Still, he was disengaged from the affairs of state. To which the Emperor replied, "We shall see who is emperor, you or I." So three-year-old Peter and his four-year-old sister, Natalya, became orphans. He is buried in the Cathedral of the Archangel located at the Moscow Kremlin and was the only post-Petrine Russian monarch given that honor; along with Ivan VI (who was murdered and buried in the fortress of Shlisselburg), he is the only post-Petrine monarch not buried in the Peter and Paul Cathedral in Saint Petersburg. 12) October 1715. R Min. Peter was born in Kiel, in the duchy of Holstein-Gottorp. Meanwhile, the Dolgorukov clan decided to cement their familial relationship with the Emperor by arranging a marriage between Peter and the sister of his favorite, the young Princess Catherine Dolgorukova. Well, he wasn’t supposedto be originally. ANKAUF: Wenn Sie Ihre Sammlungen oder auch Einzelstücke verkaufen möchten, sagen wir Ihnen, was Ihre Münzen auf dem aktuellen Markt wert sind und kaufen sie Ihnen zu einem fairen Preis ab. 19 January] 1730) was the Emperor of Russia from 1727 until his death. 1715-1730. The next day, doctors diagnosed him with smallpox. Prägungen des Zaren Peter II. This will not translate the actual content of the records. Peter Zar 1715-1730. Peter was born in Kiel, in the duchy of Holstein-Gottorp. Peter II returned to St. Petersburg from time to time, but continued an aimless life full of entertainment and distraction. Get around in comfort with a chauffeured car or van to suit your budget and requirements. This is the real history behind the period comedy Peter Rußland, Zar, I. In the blink of an eye, the Menshikov estates were confiscated, he himself was forced to resign and, together with his entire family (including the recent "Tsar's Bride", whose engagement to Peter was dissolved), he was exiled to the city of Berezov in Siberia. Their grandfather showed no interest in their upbringing or education: the Tsar had disliked their father and even their grandmother, his own first wife, and young Peter in particular reminded him of his only son Alexei, whom the Tsar suspected of treachery. Auction Details Militaria, Historica, Antiques. RUSSISCHE MÜNZEN UND MEDAILLEN. His mother died when he was only ten days old. 28,22 g. Bitkin 101 var. Planning for the wedding went forward regardless, set to take place on 19/30 January 1730. Aug 27, 2015 - Explore Mary Lee (Skokos) Leszczuk's board "Imperial Russia", followed by 290 people on Pinterest. Shortly after Catherine's death in 1727, the twelve-year-old Emperor was indeed betrothed to the sixteen-year-old Maria Menshikov. Aug 8, 2015 - Peter II Alexeyevich (Russian: Пётр II Алексеевич, Pyotr II Alekseyevich) (23 October [O.S. DIE SAMMLUNG EINES NORDISCHEN JURISTEN, U. Der Putsch gegen Zar Peter III. Through the efforts of Menshikov, the court named Peter as Catherine's heir apparent, even though Catherine had two daughters of her own. The powerful minister Aleksandr Danilovich Menshikov, who had aided in Catherine's accession, replaced the boy's teachers with the vice-chancellor, Count Ostermann. See more ideas about imperial russia, russia, russian history. He soon became addicted to alcohol. Petr 1715-1730 Emperor of Russia. Catherine II, or Catherine the Great, served as empress of Russia for more than three decades in the late 18th century after overthrowing her husband, Peter III. Alexander I One of the key statesmen of the 19th century, Alexander I is one of the most mysterious and controversial figures in … Thus, for all practical purposes, the capital of the country was transferred back to Moscow, and the boyar Dolgorukov clan acquired complete control over the young Emperor. God knows what will happen with finances. Born: St. Petersburg, 12 (23) October 1715Died: Moscow, 19 (30) January 1730Reigned: 1727-1730. Several weeks later, the Dolgorukovs were already on their way to Siberian exile, following that same bitter road which two years earlier had been travelled by Prince Menshikov and his family. Seine Mutter starb kurz nach seiner Geburt, sein Vater starb drei Jahre später im Gefängnis. However, Menshikov fell seriously ill and was unable to attend court, so the Emperor rapidly fell under the influence of his teacher, the Vice Chancellor Osterman and the new favorite, Ivan Dolgorukov. He also announced the dissolution of his engagement with Menshikov’s daughter. At this time, German mathematician Christian Goldbach was appointed tutor to the young Peter II to take over for the one appointed by Menshikov. A period of (1729–1796) Loading… The influential Menshikov, for all practical purposes the ruler of the country and head of the Supreme Privy Council, did everything in his power to protect and promote the young Emperor. His mother died shortly after his birth. Czar Ivan V (joint ruler with Peter I, the Great) 1696-1725: Czar Peter I, the Great, Emperor of All Russia: 1725-1727: Catherine I, Empress of All Russia: 1727-1730: Peter II, Emperor of All Russia: 1730-1740: Anna Ivanovna, Empress of All Russia: 1740-1741: Ivan VI, Emperor of All Russia: 1741-1761: Elizabeth, Empress of All Russia: 1761-1762 His father, the tsarevich Alexei, accused of treason by his own father, Peter the Great, died in prison in 1718. Rußland, Zar 1715-1730. ZAR PETER II., 1727-1730. A. ZAR PETER II., 1727-1730. The Russian fleet was abandoned, but Peter II showed no interest in the matter. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for Russland: Peter II Rubel 1728 silber antik Nachlass at the best online prices at eBay! The old aristocracy saw in the return of the Tsar to Moscow a revival of the old pre-Petrine traditions and way of life, while that part of the aristocracy which had ridden the wave of Peter the Great's reforms lamented the possible loss all of that previous era's grand achievements. Peter, who stood at roughly 6 1/2 feet tall, was a handsome man who drank excessively and harbored violent tendencies. Peter married twice and had 11 children, many of whom died in infancy. aus dem Moskauer Münzhof Kadashevsky Rubel 1728, Moskau, Münzhof Kadashevsky. The senate, the privy council and the guards took the oath of allegiance forthwith. Free shipping for many products! Emperor Peter II died as dawn broke on 30 January 1730 – the day he had planned to marry Ekaterina Dolgorukova. He was succeeded by Anna Ivanovna, daughter of Peter the Great's half-brother and co-ruler, Ivan V. Romanovs. The family schemed to tie themselves to the imperial bloodline, and persuaded Peter to marry Ekaterina. Let our meeting and events experts help you organize a superb event in St. Petersburg. His mother died when he was only ten days old. Peter I, tsar of Russia who reigned jointly with his half-brother Ivan V (1682–96) and alone thereafter (1696–1725) and who in 1721 was proclaimed emperor. Peter was born in Saint Petersburg on 23 (O.S. He was then rushed into the palace, standing at the back of his sleigh. 19 January] 1730) reigned as Emperor of Russia from 1727 until his untimely death. Peter was born in Saint Petersburg on 23 (O.S. Order now at low prices! 1715-1730. 1727 und 1728, ehemals gehänkelt , fast schön Mindestpreis: 100. Select the language you want the site navigation and record labels to be displayed in. The relevant documentation also specified the betrothal of Peter to Menshikov's daughter Maria. Nikitin: Zar Peter I.: der Große. He issued orders to the Emperor himself and then removed a silver plate that Peter had just given as a gift to his sister Natalya. He was one of Russia’s greatest statesmen, organizers, and reformers and made his country a world power. Meanwhile, under the influence of Ivan Dolgorukov, who was seven years his senior and an elder companion in jolly amusements, Peter quickly acquired a taste for hunting. Copyright © 2001-2020 ZAO "SAINT-PETERSBURG.COM". All rights reserved. We can find you a suitable interpreter for your negotiations, research or other needs. Peter II was quick-witted, but apparently a stubborn and wayward boy, much like his grandfather. Choose your language. Fine Art Reproduction, Canvas on Stretcher, Framed Picture, Glass Print and Wall Paper. Peter I. Free shipping for many products! Kratzer im Feld der Vorderseite, sehr schön-vorzüglich Aus der Sammlung eines nordischen Juristen. Maximize your time in St. Petersburg with tours expertly tailored to your interests. 1669; Diakov 13 var. Czar Peter III of Russia was born on February 21, 1728, in Kiel, Germany. Having brought his entire Court with him to Moscow for the coronation ceremony that was traditionally held in the Kremlin's Uspensky Cathedral, the new Tsar quickly recognized the merits of the hunting grounds in the city's vicinity, and had no desire to forsake these pleasures and return to dank Petersburg. However, it soon became clear that the young monarch had no interest in his bride, perhaps influenced by his aunt Elizabeth Petrovna, who did not like Ekaterina. at the best online prices at eBay! We can help. With the fall of Menshikov and related court intrigues, the Emperor's main favorites became Prince Aleksey Dolgorukov and his son Ivan, who maintained great influence over his decisions. Rubel 1729 Moskau. A few minutes later, he died. Related personalities: Nicholas II Nicholas II was the last Emperor of Russia. So three-year-old Peter and his four-year-old sister, Natalya, became orphans. In his delirium, he ordered horses so that he could go see his recently deceased sister Natalya. Münzhof Kadashevsky. His parents were Charles Frederick, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp (a nephew of Charles XII of Sweden), and Anna Petrovna (a daughter of Emperor Peter I and Empress Catherine I of Russia). The grandson of Peter the Great, and son of Tsarevich Alexey (who was accused of treason by his father and died imprisoned in the Peter and Paul Fortress in 1718) and his wife, the German Princess Charlotte of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Peter II ascended to the Russian throne when he was only eleven years old. [1][failed verification]. Menshikov became arrogant and domineering. Imperial Statut of Russian orders (1797, Kremlin museum) 02 by shakko.jpg 3,272 × 3,743; 2.55 MB Imperial Statut of Russian orders (1797, Kremlin museum) 03 by shakko.jpg 2,120 × 3,610; 1.45 MB INC-1760-a Пять рублей 1798 г. [citation needed] Peter himself did not display much interest in study; his favorite occupations were hunting and feasting. Silbermünzen aus dem Münzhof Kadashevsky in Moskau. Get our help and advice choosing services and options to plan a prefect train journey. Original Russland Rubel 1729 ZAR PETER II. “Peter II has not reached the age when a person's personality has already shaped,” Russian historian Nikolay Kostomarov wrote. Navigate St. Petersburg’s dining scene and find restaurants to remember. How on earth did he become Czar of Russia, then? He hated learning and thinking about national affairs. He gradually fell under the ultimate influence of the Dolgorukovs – Peter II became smitten with the 18-year-old beauty Ekaterina Alekseyevna Dolgorukova. VON RUSSLAND (1714-1730) Three-quarter length, standing, wearing a purple jacket resting his hand on a crown on a table to his left 12 October] 1715 – 30 January [O.S. His father, the tsarevich Alexei, accused of treason by his own father, Peter the Great, died in prison in 1718. For a few months in the summer of 1727, "Not even Peter the Great was so feared or so obeyed" according to the Saxon ambassador. Peter Alexejewitsch war ein Enkel Peters I. Seine Eltern waren der „unglückliche“ Zarewitsch Alexei von Russland und dessen Gemahlin Charlotte Christine, Tochter von Herzog Ludwig Rudolf von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel. Alexander II, emperor of Russia (1855–81). 12 October] 1715 – 30 January [O.S. He was the only son of Tsarevich Alexei Petrovich (son of Peter the Great by his first wife, Eudoxia Lopukhina) and of Charlotte Christine of Brunswick-Lüneburg. He was totally engrossed in amusements, and was kept under someone else's influence.”. Peter tightened serfdom by banning serfs from volunteering for military service and thus escaping serfdom.[2]. His earliest governesses were the wives of a tailor and a vintner from the Dutch settlement, while a sailor named Norman taught him the rudiments of navigation. The grandson of Peter the Great, and son of Tsarevich Alexey (who was accused of treason by his father and died imprisoned in the Peter and Paul Fortress in 1718) and his wife, the German Princess Charlotte of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Peter II ascended to the Russian throne when he was only eleven years old. To protect themselves from similar unpleasantness, the nobles from the Supreme Privy Council decided to place upon the throne someone who depended upon them completely. Learn more about Peter’s life and reign. Need tickets for the Mariinsky, the Hermitage, a football game or any event? Alexander II (1855 to 1881) It's a little-known fact, at least in the West, that Russia freed its serfs … Sale Date(s) Nov 15, 2014 11:30 CET Venue Address. Peter the Great 1715-1730. Als Kind wuchs Peter überwiegend bei seiner Großmutter auf, der Zarin Jewdokija.