At that time, it was hoped that the AIM-120 could be received by 2005 and then there were only funds for 96 missiles with an option for 288 more. Contenders to conduct the upgrade were DASA, Rockwell International, and IAI. Hussein had equipped his air force with new aircraft, such as the MiG-23 and believed that Iran was in a weakened and vulnerable state following the revolution and subsequent purges. Weapons used on the F-4F included the Mk 82 retarded bomb, BL755 cluster bomb unit and AIM-9 Sidewinders. Compared to the F-4s they were considerably less expensive and were used as interceptors. [87] The units equipped were 700P Naval Air Squadron trials unit, 767 Naval Air Squadron training unit, and a single operational squadron, 892 Naval Air Squadron, all home based at Yeovilton. These aircraft were equipped with an AN/AWG-11 radar system, which was a version of the Westinghouse AN/AWG-10 built under licence by Ferranti,[87][88] equipped with a Doppler unit to allow some basic look-down capabilities. The German Air Force (Luftwaffe) initially ordered the reconnaissance RF-4E in 1969, receiving a total of 88 aircraft from January 1971. The RF-4E had started replacing the RF-104G in the two Luftwaffe Aufklärungsgeschwader (reconnaissance wings) AG 51 and AG 52 in 1971. The follow-on to this scheme was later introduced, NORM 83 with dominant green colors and the last scheme developed was NORM 90, a pure air defense camouflage. It also lost the financial support of the other Arab states, and Saudi Arabia cancelled its plans to send Egypt 50 F-5s. [12], In July 1989, the first F-4F ICE Phase 2 aircraft was completed, and on 22 November 1991 the first firing of an AIM-120 AMRAAM took place. The IDF Phantoms received Elbit Jason digital bombing computers, Litton LW-33 inertial navigation systems, new radar warning receivers, TISEO and combat slats. The 110 ICE-upgraded F-4Fs entered service in 1992, and were expected to remain in service until 2012. ", "Arabian Aerospace - Phantom wing finally re-equipped with F-16s", German air force to bid 'Pharewell' to last F-4Fs, U.S.: Iran launches airstrikes against IS in Iraq, "McDonnell F-4 Phantom: Essential Aircraft in the Air Warfare in the Middle East - HistoryNet", "McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom - Development. The United States confirmed the attack several days later, but Iran did not confirm or deny Iranian airstrikes had taken place; both denied they coordinated any sort of air attack against IS forces in Iraq. The Iranian forces surprised him and fought back effectively. Although not deployed in a war role RAF Phantoms were involved in air-defence duties on Quick Reaction Alert. Some F-4s were upgraded with the AN/AVQ-26 Pave Tack laser targeting pod. Mitsubishi built all the EJs over the next nine years and the production ended with 127th F-4EJ, on 20 May 1981. The Air Force had already been forced to cancel an order for F-18s, which had been the winner of their new fighter competition and instead bought F-16 Fighting Falcons. There was doubt that even a simplified version of the Typhoon could be acquired. 74 Squadron RAF (Tiger Squadron), based at RAF Wattisham in the air-defence role. Among the systems installed were TACER (electronic reconnaissance pod with datalink), TAC (pod with KS-135A and KS-95B cameras), D-500UR IR detection system, and the LOROP pod (with a KS-146B camera). Australia returned the F-4s to U.S. after leasing. Some of the maneuvers were quite effective, but the SA-6 threat was only reduced on 9 October 1973 when A-4s surprised many SA-6 batteries without their missiles ready to fire and destroyed them. Crews liked the aircraft, and generally rated them better than the Spey-equipped FGR.2s. In the late 1990s, these were withdrawn from service after being replaced by F-4Fs. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. "Turkish F-4 Phantoms defeated Chinese Su-27s in exercises. The German RF-4E was equipped similarly to the USAF RF-4Cs, using the latest F-4E airframe and more-powerful engines. This meant that the bases were very large, well-dispersed and stocked with ample spare parts. Leeuwarden Opendag 15-09-11; F4 Phantom Luftwaffe Arrival. 19. In August 1995, after a hotly contested competition with DASA (F-4 ICE), IAI was awarded a USD600M contract to upgrade 54 F-4Es to Phantom 2000s. These equipped Filo 142 and 172. However, assistance from U.S. advisors in 1985 made it possible to reach a reasonable serviceability rate, and in 1988 another seven F-4s were delivered. The aircraft is reported to have been conducting a reconnaissance flight off the Syrian coast. One was the IRRS (Infrared Recognition System) and the other was the SLAR (Side-Looking Airborne Radar), mounted in the side of the fuselage. This last batch brought the number of F-4s serving with the PA to 121. This involved endless alarms to intercept "Bear" and other Soviet aircraft approaching British airspace, the North Sea and over Germany. [29], In 1970, the first reconnaissance RF-4Es were delivered. The costs sustained in the upgrades had incurred a delay in AMRAAM acquisition. ", "Lockheed Martin to Upgrade Radar for Reconnaissance Version of Japan's F-15.". [63][84], Additionally, they had AGM-142 Popeye/Have Nap integration, Litening-II targeting pods, and the capability to launch AGM-65D/G Maverick, AGM-88 HARM, GBU-8 HOBOS, GBU-10/12 Paveway II LGBs, general purpose and cluster bombs for air-to-ground missions, while retaining the capability to launch AIM-7 Sparrow and AIM-9 Sidewinder air-to-air missiles. [8], By the end of the 1990s, three aircraft had crashed but were replaced with three others. To upgrade the Phantom fleet the JASDF planned the F-4EJ Kai (Japanese for "modified") program. 19, 23, 29, 56 and 92 Squadrons.[92]. Divenuto nel corso della sua lunga vita operativa una delle icone della superiorità aerea americana durante la Guerra del Vietnam e nel periodo della Guerra fredda, è ancora in servizio presso alcune forze aeree. In a fierce aerial battle on 30 July 1970, four Phantoms baited the Egyptian MiGs which this time were Soviet-manned. Although they were officially designated as the Phantom F.3, this was rarely used, instead being generally referred to as the F-4J(UK). F4 luftwaffe. [70], Small strakes above the air intakes to improve agility, new attachment fittings, engine mountings, stronger wing fold ribs, updated canopy sill bar, 12 mi (20 km) of wiring replaced (reducing weight by 1,653 lb/750 kg) as well as most hydraulic and pneumatic lines and hoses, and fuel tank reinforcements. Greece upgraded 39 to Peace Icarus 2000 standard. The F-4E was known as Kurnass (Heavy Hammer) in Israeli service while the RF-4E was called Orev (Raven). The 348th "Eyes" Squadron relinquished their RF-84Fs for new RF-4Es in 1979. Feb 24, 2018 - Photo report featuring the F-4 Phantoms in the early years of West Germany's Air Force service when the F-4F replaced the F-104G Starfighters. The USAF phased out many older aircraft and some were supplied to the PA as a thank-you for the use of Greek airbases during the war. The new RF-4Cs had newer avionics, including Have Quick digital UHF/VHF radios, Itek AN/ARL-46 RWR, and Tracor AN/ALE-40 dispensers. Nota: Prezzi e disponibilità sono solo indicazioni. The original order was for 16 aircraft; the first of which arrived on 8 September 1968,[29] with another 16 added later, and were employed in several unsuccessful attempts to intercept Soviet MiG-25Rs. [74] Syrian Foreign Ministry spokesman Jihad Makdissi said "the downing was an accident, caused by the "automatic response" of an officer commanding an anti-aircraft gun. [42], IDF Phantoms took part in many other battles, among them Operation Mole Cricket 19 in June 1982, when Syrian SA-6 sites were destroyed by a coordinated attack made by IDF aircraft and unmanned aerial vehicles. Iraq failed to destroy the Iranian air force bases for several reasons, among them that Iraqi aircraft lacked the range to reach them. Aeromaster 48-705 Phancy Phantoms pt X. Aeromaster 48-763: Early Phantom II part 1. German Pride Aufkleber. To correct the situation, Egypt considered selling some of the F-4s to Turkey and buying extra General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcons. Browse more videos. Recensioni in-box. German F-4F Phantoms flew 279,000 hours from entering service on 31 August 1973 to retirement on 29 June 2013. While Ark Royal was undergoing conversion, the FG.1 underwent successful deck trials aboard Eagle. By 1967 the air force had F-4Ds on order, at that time the most advanced Phantom model available. Scopri le migliori offerte, subito a casa, in tutta sicurezza. The F-4s acquired from US Air Force stocks were former 110th and 141st Tactical Fighter Squadron aircraft (Missouri and New Jersey Air National Guard squadrons, respectively) and arrived painted in "Egyptian One" camouflage, an air-superiority paint scheme consisting of two different shades of blue, despite being best-suited for ground attack. The program review considered ending F-4F conversions and buying new fighters as "gap fillers", such as the MiG-29, McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle or F-16. After the war Peace Echo V provided Israel with 24 new, 24 ex-USAF and 6 RF-4Es, completing the program in November 1976. 26-apr-2020 - Esplora la bacheca "F4 Phantom II" di Robby_e, seguita da 103 persone su Pinterest. In 1980–83, the F-4F fleet was fitted with air-refueling probes, utilizing USAF tankers to make longer flights to Canada and Spain. [13] Later on, an AGM-65 Maverick capability was added, with a pair of missiles housed in a single launcher. The German Air Force (Luftwaffe) operated a total of 175 F-4Fs, 10 F-4Es (for training at U.S. airfields) and 88 RF-4Es making it one of the most prolific Phantom customers. Thornborough, Anthony M. and Peter E. Davies. [25] Other programs saw the upgrade of several Greek Phantoms to carry out anti-radar operations. [26], In 1993 the PA called for a major electronic upgrade for the F-4 fleet, involving the replacement of the APQ-120 with a new AMRAAM-capable system. [13] McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II McDonnell Douglas F-4F Phantom II Bundeswehr Luftwaffe (German Air Force 1956-now) JaboG 35 37+09 | 35 Jahre JaBoG 35 - Pferdsfeld 1994 | Norm 90 J, Sonderlackierung; JG 71 Richthofen 37+47 | Wittmund 1986 | Norm 81; JG 72 Westfalen 38+73 | Rheine-Hopsten 1987 | Norm 81 [48], McDonnell Douglas built the two prototype F-4EJs, which first flew on 14 January 1971. However, they did not enter service in time to fight in the Turkish invasion of Cyprus in 1974. The model requested was designated the F-4K by McDonnell Douglas and received the British service designation Phantom FG.1. The F-4F ICE program offered a reasonably inexpensive and capable aircraft for the interceptor role, albeit with limitations. The need to replace their Canberra B.20s was frustrated by the delay in the development of the F-111. The bombing system was the anglicized version of the Lear/Siegler AN/ABJ-7. At the end of 1994, there were about 70 F-4F ICE aircraft already modified, 40 were still waiting for APG-65 radar, and 40 were not modified but still in service. This also simplified the training of RAF crews as slats were not fitted to other RAF Phantoms. This engine was already used in the RAAF's Mirage IIIOs, but the French turbojet was inferior to the General Electric J79, and the RAAF chose instead to order the F-111C Aardvark which had a greater range.[4]. This camouflage was proven effective when the aircraft was on the ground but not effective when airborne. [13] There were special flares for night use and two night/all-weather reconnaissance systems. Ordered in July 1964,[85] this was the first time the U.S. permitted export of the Phantom, with the first F-4K flying on 27 June 1966. [59][61], In Spanish Air Force use, the F-4Cs were designated "C.12" (C stood for "Caza" and 12 stood for "12th fighter type in service since the creation of the Ejército del Aire"). F-4s struck back the following day in Operation Kaman 99 and destroyed many strategic Iraqi targets with bombs and missiles. These encounters gave the EAF a measure of the type's effectiveness, especially as a bomber. The RF-4E acquisition was the result of the recognition that the very limited capabilities of the RF-104G were no longer adequate in the context of the NATO “flexible response” doctri… All of these went to 113 Filo, Eskişehir. In total 38 aircraft were upgraded, 37 of them by Hellenic Aerospace Industry, at Tanagra. [83], Buying a more sophisticated supersonic fighter, like the F-15 Eagle or Panavia Tornado, was too expensive and instead, the THK decided to upgrade its Phantom fleet with improvements to avionics and structure, but not to the engines. [34] About 220 F-4Es and RF-4Es were delivered to Israel between 1969 and 1976 under U.S. aid programs, and served with the Tsvah Haganah le Israel/Heyl Ha'Avir (Israeli Air Force). [5] After modifications in the 1970s, the tail had a new RWR system; a British-made Marconi ARI.18228 fitted in a rectangular antenna box on the fin tip.[86]. [59][62], Further F-4 deliveries took place in October 1978, with the addition of four F-4Cs and four RF-4Cs. Take a shot! The ICE F-4Fs were expected to remain in service until JG 71 transitioned to the Eurofighter Typhoon in 2013. [5], In 1972 the United States offered to sell the leased aircraft to Australia. The last batch delivered had AVQ-23A Pave Spike laser designation pod compatibility. Their F-4Es were equipped with digital processors for the APG-120, laser inertial navigation systems, digital data buses, smoke-reduction systems and various structural improvements. Iran, with few fiscal restraints, followed that up with an order for 177 F-4Es. [70], Many of the Turkish Phantoms are used as ground attack aircraft, a role they performed well due to the systems installed. [20] The Phantoms' retirement was attended by a crowd of 130,000 people at an open day at Wittmundhafen Air Base. [34], Some aerial maneuvers were believed to fool the SA-6 systems and these were used while the IDF waited for better ECM weapons.